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Joseph Raymond Conniff, Attleboro, Massachusetts, 6 de noviembre de 1916- â€ Escondido, California, 12 de octubre de 2002, destacado músico, director de orquesta, arreglista vocal y musical, y trombonista estadounidense. Se caracterizó por emplear un coro acompañando a la orquesta que él formó
Recibió la educación musical de su padre, también trombonista, y de su madre, que era pianista. Debutó como trombonista en la big band de Bunny Berigan. También estuvo en las orquestas de Bing Crosby, Artie Shaw, Art Hodes y Glen Gray. Después de la Segunda Guerra Mundial trabajó con Harry James. En 1954 entró a formar parte como arreglista de la discográfica Columbia.
Su álbum debut, 's Wonderful (1956), en el que presentaba a su nueva formación, The Ray Conniff Orchestra and Singers, estuvo en los primeros 20 de las listas norteamericanas durante nueve meses. Sin embargo, fue en los años 1960 cuando comenzó su fama como arreglista y director de orquesta. A partir de entonces inició una fulgurante carrera que le llevó a grabar más de 100 álbumes y vender más de 70 millones de discos en todo el mundo.
Arreglos vocales y musicales
Ray Conniff destacó sobre los demás directores de orquesta por los arreglos vocales para su coro y los musicales hechos para los variados ritmos de su música. Conniff grabó desde standards de jazz de las big bands de los años 1940 y 1950, hasta clásicos del pop de autores como Simon & Garfunkel, Burt Bacharach, The Beatles y The Carpenters, entre muchos otros.
Popularizó el tema principal de la película Doctor Zhivago (1965), "Lara's theme", una composición de Maurice Jarre que Conniff convirtió en todo un éxito pop con el título "Somewhere my love" y por la que obtuvo un Grammy en 1966.
En 1997, después de estar algo más de 40 años ligado personal y profesionalmente al sello Columbia Records, Ray Conniff firmó un nuevo contrato con PolyGram, multinacional con la que grabó tres álbumes: Ray Conniff live in Rio, I love movies y el tributo a Frank Sinatra titulado My way.
Su afición por la música latina y brasileña le llevó a incluir grandes clásicos como "Bésame mucho", "El día que me quieras", "Frenesí", "Aquellos ojos verdes", "Brasil", "Aquarela do Brasil", "El Cóndor Pasa", "Caballo Viejo", entre muchos otros. Por lo mismo, Conniff se hizo muy famoso en países latinoamericanos, gracias, en parte, a sus constantes participaciones en el Festival Internacional de la Canción de Viña del Mar. También grabó varios éxitos del famoso cantautor Camilo Sesto en los años 1980 y tocó en vivo con su orquesta y un coro de ocho personas en grandes estadios de fútbol como en Viña del Mar.
Falleció en Escondido, California, como consecuencia de una caída en el baño, y fue enterrado en el Cementerio Westwood Village Memorial Park, en Los Ángeles, California.
Conniff was born in Attleboro, Massachusetts, and learned to play the trombone from his father. He studied music arranging from a course book. After serving in the U.S. Army in World War II (where he worked under Walter Schumann), he joined the Artie Shaw big band and wrote many arrangements for him. After his stint with Shaw he was then hired by Mitch Miller, then head of A& R at Columbia Records, as their home arranger, working with several artists including Rosemary Clooney, Marty Robbins, Frankie Laine, Johnny Mathis, Guy Mitchell and Johnnie Ray. He wrote a top 10 arrangement for Don Cherry's "Band of Gold" in 1955, a single that sold more than a million copies.
Among the hit singles he backed with his orchestra (and eventually with a male chorus) were "Yes Tonight Josephine" and "Just Walkin' in the Rain" by Johnnie Ray; "Chances Are" and "It's Not for Me to Say" by Johnny Mathis; "A White Sport Coat" and "The Hanging Tree" by Marty Robbins; "Moonlight Gambler" by Frankie Laine; "Up Above My Head, " a duet by Frankie Laine and Johnnie Ray; and "Pet Me, Poppa" by Rosemary Clooney. He also backed up the albums Tony by Tony Bennett, Blue Swing by Eileen Rodgers, Swingin' for Two by Don Cherry, and half the tracks of The Big Beat by Johnnie Ray.
In these early years he also produced similar-sounding records for Columbia's Epic label under the name of Jay Raye (which stands for "Joseph Raymond") amongst them a backing album and singles with Somethin' Smith and the Redheads, an American male vocal group.
Between 1957 and 1968, Conniff had 28 albums in the American Top 40, the most famous one being Somewhere My Love (1966). He topped the album list in Britain in 1969 with His Orchestra, His Chorus, His Singers, His Sound, an album which was originally published to promote his European tour (Germany, Austria, Switzerland) in 1969. He also was the first American popular artist to record in Russiaâ€”in 1974 he recorded Ray Conniff in Moscow with the help of a local choir. His later albums like Exclusivamente Latino, Amor Amor and Latinisimo made him very popular in Latin-American countries, even more so after performing in the Viña del Mar International Song Festival. In Brazil and Chile he was treated like a young pop superstar in the 1980s and 1990s when he was in his 70s and 80s. He even played live with his orchestra and eight-person chorus in large football stadiums as well as in Viña del Mar.
Conniff commented, "One time I was recording an album with Mitch Miller - we had a big band and a small choir. I decided to have the choir sing along with the big band using wordless lyics. The women were doubled with the trumpets and the men were doubled with the trombones. In the booth Mitch was totally surprised and excited at how well it worked." Because of the success of his backings Mitch Miller and the new sound Conniff created Miller allowed him to make his own record, and this became the successful 'S Wonderful, a collection of standards that were recorded with an orchestra and a wordless singing chorus (four men, four women). He released many more albums in the same vein, including Dance The Bop (1957) (a story follows about that album), S Marvelous (1957, gold album), S Awful Nice (1958), Concert in Rhythm (1958, gold album), Hollywood in Rhythm (1958), Broadway in Rhythm (1959), and Concert in Rhythm, Volume II (1959, gold album). The 1957 album Dance the Bop was an experiment by one of the brass at Columbia to cash in on a conceived dance step creation, but Ray didn't like it from the outset, and when it sold poorly, Ray had it pulled off the market.
In 1959 he started The Ray Conniff Singers (12 women and 13 men) and released the album It's the Talk of the Town. This group brought him the biggest hit he ever had in his career: Somewhere My Love (1966). The title track of the album was written to the music of "Lara's Theme" from the film Doctor Zhivago, and was a top 10 single in the US. The album also reached the US top 20 and went platinum, and Conniff won a Grammy. The single and album reached high positions in the international charts (a.o. Australia, Germany, Great Britain, Japan) as well. Also extraordinarily successful was the first of four Christmas albums by the Singers, Christmas with Conniff (1959). Nearly fifty years after its release, in 2004, Conniff was posthumously awarded with a platinum album/CD. Other well-known releases by the Singers included Ray Conniff's Hawaiian album (1967), featuring the hit song "Pearly Shells"; and Bridge over troubled water (1970), which included Ray's original composition "Someone" and remakes of such hits as "All I have to do is dream", "I'll never fall in love again", and "Something".
Musically different highlights in Conniff's career are two albums he produced in cooperation with Billy Butterfield, an old buddy from earlier swing days. Conniff Meets Butterfield (1959) featured Butterfield's solo trumpet and a small rhythm group; Just Kiddin' Around (after a Conniff original composition from the 1940s), released 1963, featured additional trombone solos by Ray himself. Both albums are pure light jazz and did not feature any vocals.
Conniff recorded in New York from 1955 through 1961 and mainly in Los Angeles from 1962 through 2000. Later in the 1960s he produced an average of two instrumental and one vocal album a year.
Conniff was a quiet, modest sympathetic artist. He once told a fan he was very religious and credits much of his success to prayer and a higher power. He sold about 70 million albums worldwide, and continued recording and performing until his death in 2002.
He died in Escondido, California, and is interred in the Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery in Los Angeles, California. His grave marker bears a musical score with the first four notes of "Somewhere My Love."
In 2004, a memorial two-CD compilation set, The Essential Ray Conniff, was released, featuring many rare and previously unreleased tracks. The Singles Collection, Vol. 1 was released on the Collectables label in 2005 and The Singles Collection, Vol. 2 was released in 2007. These collections also feature rare singles and previously unissued tracks.
His music is also featured prominently in the movie There's Something About Mary.